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中考英语词汇语法练习题

本文属阅读资料
1. ---We'll do what we can ____English well this term.
---It's high time for you to work hard.
A. study                  B. to study
C. be studied             D. be studying

解析:这题可能会误选A,因为大家知道情态动词后接动词原形,但是请大家分析下句子的成分,这里的what we can 实际省略了do,这个what we can do 在句子中作宾语从句。正确答案是B,用动词不定式作目的状语。

2. ---I don‘t think your team can beat theirs.
---________. But we could if Lin Tao were on the team.
A. No, we can't         B. Yes, we can't
C. Yes, we can          D. No, we can

解析:在think,believe这类词接的宾语从句,否定要提前。而对于否定句的回答,与习惯相反,yes是“不”no 是“是的”B,D结构不正确,首先要排除。而我们看后面的BUT,表示转折,说明回答者的队没有打赢。那么就是we can‘t。 正确答案是A。翻译为“是的,我们没有赢”

3. ---Have you finished your work yet?
---No, not yet. I think it‘ll take _____ ten minutes.
A. another          B. other
C. others           D. more

解析:another +数词+名词 固定用法,another表示“另外的,再” 根据题目意思,可以判断是需要再花10分钟,所以答案是A。

4. Roy made several kites, but _____ of them can fly high in the sky.
A. neither         B. none
C. all             D. most

解析:neither “两者中任何一个都不” all “三者或三者以上都” most“大部分” 根据题目意思,只有none表示三个或三个以上“一个都没有”,故选B。

5. ---Will you be back ____ five in the afternoon?
---I'm not sure, maybe later than that.
A. in               B. before
C. for              D. until

解析:in 只能接一段时间,before “在...之前” for 接一段时间,until“直到...“答案为B。

6. ---I‘m sorry to have kept you waiting long.
---Never mind. I ____ here for only a few minutes.
A. have been             B. have come
C. have arrived          D. waited

解析:因为come,arrive是瞬间动词,在用于现在完成时时,不能与表示一段的for,since构成的时间状语连用。答案为A。

7. ---You seem to like sweets.
---_______. That's probably why I’m becoming fatter and fatter.
A. So I do          B. So do I
C. So am I          D. So I am

解析:seem 是连系动词,不能用be动词来回答。So I do 是“的确如此”表示同意对方的观点 so do I “我也一样”答案为A。

8. With the help of the computer, information can ____every corner of the world swiftly.
A. get                 B. reach
C. arrive              D. return

解析:get, arrive, 到达, 是不及物动词,get to,arrive at,arrive in 是固定搭配。而reach是及物动词,可以直接接宾语,“到达” return是“返回”与题目意思不符合,答案为B。

9. The children ______ not to play with the fire.
A. are told             B. tell
C. are telling          D. told

解析:孩子们被告诉不要玩火。考被动语态。答案为A.

10. ---May I go out with you tomorrow?
---If your job ______by then.
A. has been finished             B. finish
C. will be finished              D. will finish

解析:job被完成,肯定用被动语态,并且是if引导的条件状语从句,不能用将来时。答案是A。

11. ---Will you please show me how to operate the new machine?
---Sure. It’s a piece of cake. Now let me tell you ____ to do first.
A. what                   B. how
C. whether                D. which

解析:whether是否,which哪一个,与题意不符合,而如果用how,do 后面应该有宾语。how to do it。答案为A,what to do first 首先做什么。

12. ---My trousers are______.
---I‘ll buy you a new pair.
A. wore out               B. worn out
C. wearing out            D. sold out

解析:wear out 穿坏,sell out卖完。裤子是被穿坏,而不是主动的,所以是被动语态,答案是B。

13. ---What do you think of these two books?
---_____ of them are interesting. And I‘ve read them several times.
A. Both              B. Neither
C. None              D. Either

解析:根据题意,是两本书,both“两者都”,neither“两者都不” ,none“一个也没有”, either“两者中任何一个”答案是A。

14. ---The artist has got _____ much work to do that he hardly has time to help his wife with the housework.
---That's true. Even on Sundays he is busy with his work.
A. too                  B. so
C. very                 D. such

解析:本题是考so...that和such...that的用法。such是修饰名词,但是如果名词前有many ,much ,little,few等修饰词,则用so 代替such。答案为B。

15. ---How long ____ you ____a fever?
---Ever since last night.
A. have, got               B. have, had
C. have, caught            D. did, have

解析:根据后面的since我们可以判断要用完成时。而get,catch等瞬间动词在完成时中不能与for,since引导的时间状语连用,答案是B。

16. ---I think he lives _____ No.386 West St.
---Are you sure _____ that? You?d better make sure.
A. at, /               B. in, of
C. in, about           D. at, of

解析:live in “居住”后接大地点。live at “居住”后面接具体的地点。be sure of /be sure about 确信,固定用法。表示对什么有把握。答案为D。

17. ---The rain came to a stop the night before. The fields are still full of water.
---It _____ for nearly a week.
A. has rained                B. had rained
C. would rain                D. was raining

解析:came to a stop“停止”the night before“前一个晚上”for+一段时间用于完成时,而came 表明是过去时,所以后面用过去完成时。答案为B。

18. ---He seems _____ ill. Shall we take him to the hospital right now?
---I don?t think it matters. Maybe he‘s caught a bit of a cold.
A. terrible             B. terribly
C. even                 D. to be terrible

解析:seem+形容词 “好像是”ill “病了”用副词修饰。答案为B. even修饰形容词/副词比较级.

19. ---Would you like ___ some fruit?
---No thanks. I don't feel like _____ anything now.
A. to have, to eat              B. having, to eat
C. having, eating               D. to have, eating

解析:would you like to do sth. 委婉询问对方的意愿“是否想要做什么...”可以排除B.C 。而feel like +名词/动名词,表示“觉得好像...” 答案为D。

20. ---This is really a wonderful party with interesting people and great food.
---I'm glad you are _____.
A. liking it                    B. enjoying yourself
C. at the party                 D. are loving

解析:enjoy yourself “玩得高兴” 表示感情的love,like 一般不用于进行时。C与题意不符合。答案是B。

21. ---You‘ve dropped _____ "s" in the word "acros"?
---Oh, ____ letter "s" should be doubled like this "across".
A. a, a                      B. an, a
C. a, the                    D. an, the

解析:本题考查冠词的用法。表示泛指时用不定冠词,a 用在辅音发音字母之前,an用在元音发音字母之前。s的读音为/es/,为元音发音。应用“an”,后面表特指,上面出现的,应用“the”,答案为D。

22. ---The pen writes well though it doesn't cost much.
--- Let me have a try. So _____.
A. it is                     B. it does
C. does it                   D. is it

解析:同第7题,根据题意是表示同意对方的看法,而write要用do/does替代,pen为单数,所以答案是B。

23. ---The smell in the room is really terrible.
---You said it. Let's keep all the windows _____.
A. closed                  B. open
C. opening                 D. to open

解析:keep+宾语+形容词 “使...保持某状态” keep+宾语+动词ing形式,也表示“使...保持某状态”但是宾语是后面动词的发出者,如:keep you waiting ,根据题意,房间里味道不好,要把窗户打开,而不是关上。答案是B。

24. ---____ the Internet _____ in your school?
---Yes, but the computer in our office has often broken down.
A. Is, used                 B. Is, using
C. Does, use                D. Has, used

解析:根据句意,internet是被使用,应该用被动语态。答案为A。

25. ---Do you often get on-line?
---Yes. I ______ most of my time on it. It‘s a good way to kill time.
A. cost                   B. spend
C. pay                    D. take

解析:cost 一般物作主语,“花费” spend “花费时间或金钱” pay 支付(钱) take一般指花费时间。答案为B。

26. ---Did Tom’s parents go to the meeting yesterday?
---Yes, ____ of them did, but ____ spoke.
A. each, none                B. both, none
C. neither, both             D. both, neither

解析:根据题目意思,是父母两个人去了会议,后面有个but,表示转折,应该是都没有发言,答案为D。Both 两者都,neither两者都没有。

27. ---I eat ____ vegetables and ___ meat than I did last year.
---That's why you're getting fatter.
A. fewer, more                 B. more, less
C. least, more                 D. many, much

解析:第二句话的意思是:这就是你越来越胖的原因。那么可以判断樱桃视频app官网句话是跟去年相比,我吃更少的蔬菜,更多的肉。而蔬菜是复数,只能用fewer来修饰表示比较少。less修饰不可数名词表示比较少。more是many 和much的比较级,可以修饰可数和不可数名词。答案为A。

28. ---_____ is the population of the town?
---Over 20,000. And a third of the population ____ workers of the car factory.
A. What, are                B. How many, are
C. What, is                 D. How many, is

解析:对人口提问用how large 或what 。 The population of ...。作主语时谓语动词用单数。当主语表示人口的百分之几,几分之几时,谓语动词用复数形式。答案为A。

29. ---I tried to make Kate ____ her mind, but I found it hard.
---Well, I saw you_______ that when I went past.
A. change, do               B. changes, doing
C. to change, do            D. change, doing

解析:make是使役动词,后面接不带to的不定式作宾补。表示“让某人做某事”。see是感官动词,接现在分词做宾补,强调动作正在进行。本题的意思是:------我试图让凯特改变她的想法,但是我发现很难。-------是的,我经过时看见你正在劝她。答案是D。

30. ---Sorry, I am late.
---It doesn’t matter. The meeting ___ for just several minutes.
A. has begun                    B. has started
C. has been on                  D. had been on

解析:begin,start是瞬间动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语一起用在完成时中。而根据题目可看出,是现在时,所以不能用过去完成时。答案为C。

31. ---I feel tired and sleepy.
---Why not stop _____?
A. to work                B. to have a rest
C. having a rest          D. to go on with your work

解析:stop to do sth。表示停下了去做另外的事。stop doing sth。 表示停止做某事。句子的意思是我感觉很累,很想睡。对方肯定是劝她停下手上的事去休息。答案是B。

32. ---Did you notice the boy come in?
---No, I didn't because I _______a film.
A. had watched             B. have watched
C. was watching            D. am watching

解析:句子的意思是:----你注意到刚进来的男孩了吗?----不,我没有,我正在看一个电影。整句是过去时,表示正在做的事,应该用过去进行时。答案为C。

33. ---Could you tell me _____? I must find him.
---Sorry, I have no idea. But he was here just now.
A. where Tom was                  B. where has Tom gone
C. where can I find Tom.          D. where Tom is

解析:本题是考查宾语从句的用法。由what,where,who等疑问词引导的宾语从句要用陈述语气,疑问词+陈述句,而不是疑问词+一般疑问句。Could 此时表示委婉的请求语气,而不是过去时。答案为D。

34. ---Shall I tell Mike about it?
---No, you _____. He's already been told.
A. mustn't             B. can't
C. don't               D. needn't

解析:mustn't 表示“禁止,不许” can't “不能” don't”不...” needn't “不必要”根据题目意思,他已经知道了,不存在着禁止,不能的意思。Don't也不能回答Shall 引导的一般疑问句,答案为D。

35. ---I'm ______ in what _____ you.
---Well, don't follow suit. Just do what you like.
A. interesting, interests             B. interested, interests
C. interest, interests                D. interest, interesting

解析:be interested in 对...感兴趣,人作主语 ;interesting 令人感兴趣的,物作主语;interest使人感兴趣。答案为B。

36. ---I'm too busy_______ to my family often.
---Why not call them instead?
A. writing              B. to write
C. written              D. write

解析:too...to... 太...而不能...我太忙而不能经常给我家里人写信。答案为B。

37. ---______ present you've bought for me!
---I'm glad you like it.
A. How a              B. What a
C. How                D. What

解析:感叹句how修饰形容词或副词,what修饰名词。present是可数名词,答案为B。

38. ---This is no-smoking zone. Can't you see the sign?
---Oh, sorry. I ______ it.
A. haven't seen          B. won't see
C. don't see             D. didn't see

解析:这是无烟区,难道你不能看见这个标示吗? 在这个人的提示下,答话人现在肯定看见这个标示了。那么是以前没看见,答案为D。

39. ---Will you please let me have a look at the photos taken in the States?
---Sure. I'll _____ them here to school tomorrow.
A. take               B. carry
C. get                D. bring

解析:本题主要对比take 和bring。take是拿走,bring是拿来。carry是携带,get是得到,答案为D。

40. ---Look at ____ animal. It’s interesting.
---Which one do you mean? ____ black one with a long tail/
A. an, The              B. an, An
C. the, The             D. the, An

解析:考查冠词的用法。而根据题意我们可以看出,问答中的动物都是表示特指,答案是C。

41. ---What happened to Tom?
---He was crossing the street ____ a motorbike hit him from behind.
A. while                    B. when
C. until                    D. because

解析:while表示“在...时候”时不能与瞬间动词连用。hit是撞,瞬间的动作。when “当...时候”可以与瞬间动词连用。until 直到...because 因为,后面两个与题目意思不符合,答案为B。

42. ---Dad, what's the sea like?
---Well, it's large and full of water. It covers about _____ of the earth.
A. one third                B. three quarter
C. three-fourth             D. three quarters

解析:我们知道海占了地球的大部分。A是三分之一,与题目不符合。quarter是四分之一,在分子大于一时,分母序数词要用复数,答案为D。

43. ---Go and ask the waiter how much_____.
---Don't worry. It has been _____.
A. does the meal cost, paid for
B. the meal costs, paid
C. the meal spends, paid
D. the meal costs, paid for
解析:首先宾语从句用陈述句语序,A可以排除。cost表示某物花多少钱,spend 花费时间或金钱,一般人做主语。pay表示付钱,pay for 为...支付了多少钱。答案是B。

44. ---Does the child need any help?
---No. He is old enough to _____ himself.
A. put on             B. wear
C. dress              D. take care

解析:put on 强调穿的动作,wear强调穿着的状态,dress后面接人做主语,dress sb.给某人穿衣,dress oneself给自己穿衣,take care of 照顾。答案为C。

45. ---There can be no life on the earth without water.
---That's right. Water _____ everywhere.
A. needs                B. is needing
C. is needed            D. needed

解析:本题是没水就没有生命,水在任何地方都被需要,被动语态,答案为C。

46. ---Were you late ____the meeting?
---No, I arrived there ten minutes______ the meeting started.
A. for, before          B. at, before
C. for, till            D. at, after

解析:be late for 固定用法 “为...迟到” ---为什么你开会迟到? ---不,我在开会前十分钟到的。答案为A。till 直到 after...之后,before...之前。

47. ---Excuse me, but I don‘t think you can take photos here.
---Sorry I ____ this is no-photo zone.
A. don't know              B. didn't know
C. have no idea            D. haven't known

解析:根据题目意思可看出对方是以前不知道这里是不允许照相的区域,用过去时,答案为B。

48. ---How many English words had you learned ___ the end of last term?
---Around 2000, but I've forgotten most of them.
A. by              B. at
C. to              D. on

解析:by the end of 到。。。。为止,如果后面接将来时间,主句用将来时,如果后面是现在时间,主句用现在完成时,如果是过去时间,主句用过去完成时。at the end of “在...尽头”后面接时间时,一般用过去时或将来时。答案为A。

49. ---Are you learning art now during your spare time?
---No. I've stopped _____ Chinese medicine instead.
A. to learn               B. learning
C. learn                  D. studying

解析:---你现在在空闲时间学习艺术吗?---不,我已经停止了,在学中医。stop to do 和stop doing分别表示“停下来去做某事”和“停止做某事”答案为A。

50. ---What did you ____ just now?
---I _____ you if you could follow me.
A. say, said              B. speak, asked
C. speak, said            D. say, asked

解析:---你刚在说什么?---我问你你是否能跟我来。say是及物动词,强调说话的内容。speak一般表示说某种语言。强调说的动作。ask询问,打听,请求。答案是D
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